The Team

Melissa Võ, Prof. Dr.


Melissa is a professor for Cognitive Psychology at the Goethe University in Frankfurt and head of the Scene Grammar Lab (SGL). After receiving her Diploma in Psychology from the Free University in Berlin working with Prof. Arthur  Jacobs, she went back to Munich, where she received her Ph.D. at the Ludwig-Maximilians University for her studies on the "Allocation of Attention in Scene Perception" (Prof. Werner Schneider). An increased interest in scene perception (and whisky) then brought her to the University of Edinburgh to work with Prof. John Henderson. The past 5 years, she worked on issues of scene guidance during search with Prof. Jeremy Wolfe at Harvard Medical School. Besides her great interest in "Was unsere Welt im Innersten zusammenhält", Melissa likes to get her students excited about Visual Cognition in class. Above all she enjoys perceiving alpine scenes with her husband Daniel

Verena Willenbockel, PhD


Verena is a postdoc in the SGL. Her interest in scene perception was sparked when studying Cognitive Science at the University of Osnabrück, Germany. There she completed her undergraduate thesis investigating the influence of color contrast on human overt attention under the supervision of Prof. Peter König. For her Masters in Psychology, she joined Prof. Jim Tanaka’s lab at the University of Victoria, Canada. She worked as a research assistant in the EEG lab exploring face and object perception, and for her thesis, focused on spatial frequency tuning in human face identification. Her interest in combining psychophysical methods and (intracranial) EEG to study various aspects of visual perception then led her to the labs of Prof. Frédéric Gosselin and Prof. Franco Lepore at the Université de Montréal for her PhD, and eventually back to Germany to the Goethe University in Frankfurt. In the SGL, she is currently investigating the influence of scene context on object recognition, and individual differences in scene perception. Outside the lab, Verena enjoys yoga, hiking, and exploring scenes where mountains and forests meet the ocean.

Dejan Draschkow, PhD, substitute Professor 


Initially, captured by cognitive psychology due to his work with Michael Zehetleitner at the LMU Munich and his work in the area of telerobotics (with Bernhard Weber, DLR), Dejan slowly drifted off into the realm of scene processing. Together with Melissa and Jeremy Wolfe (BWH & Harvard Medical School) he was interested in the interaction of visual search and scene semantics. Afterwards, he finished his Master's program in Neuro-cognitive Psychology (LMU Munich), with a thesis at Ben Tatler's Active Vision Lab, investigating how task relevance modulates semantic interference in a real world setting. This sparked his interest in the modulatory role of active object manipulations in real (and virtual) world searches. He is also fascinated by the interactive nature of scene and object processing and its neural mechanisms.

Sabine Öhlschläger, PhD Student


Fascinated by the brain’s capacity to adapt to the requirements of an ever-changing environment, Sabine has visited different labs that adress this question in either children or grown-ups. Joining the research group of Claudia Friedrich, Sabine got familar with EEG research in children’s language development. As research intern in the Brain and Learning Lab of Daphné Bavelier, she gained new insights into how action video game play might influence learning and plasticity in adults. This idea also inspired her Master’s Thesis Project with Brigitte Roeder at the University of Hamburg, in which she investigated the electrophyssiological effects of tactile working memory training on plasticity in blind individuals. During her PhD Sabine will take further this learning perspective to investigate the development of Scene Grammar! 

Tim Cornelissen, PhD Student


Tim received his masters degree from Utrecht University (The Netherlands). In Utrecht and during a short stay in Lund (Sweden) Tim has worked with Ignace Hooge and Kenneth Holmqvist (Lund Humanities Laboratory), studying the influence of social factors on visual search and eye movements. His interests in visual attention and eye tracking eventually lead him to scene- and object perception. His research in the lab focuses mainly on the time course of scene- and object recognition, with a special interest in the processing of information from outside central vision. Tim aims to gain insights into these things by bringing together eye tracking and EEG.

Tim Lauer, PhD Student


Tim completed his Bachelor's course at Darmstadt University of Technology, where he worked with Karl Kalveram in the field of sensory-motor control. He then did his Master's program at Goethe-University Frankfurt and got particularly interested in object and scene perception. Initially, Tim joined the SGL as a research intern but then also worked as a research assistant and tutor, and finally completed his Master's thesis in the SGL. And he just couldn't get enough: He joined the SGL as a PhD student afterwards and is now up to new adventures in the field of visual perception. Specifically, Tim further pursues his interest in the neurophysiological basis of interactive object-scene processing.

Aylin Kallmayer, Research Assistant


Aylin is currently a psychology Bachelor student. She got a taste of cognitive psychology from the lecture and from her internship in the SGL during her first semester. She now enjoys applying this knowledge as a research assistant and is looking  forward to more interesting projects! 

Saliha Reinecke, Research Assistant


Currently, Saliha is studying psychology as an undergraduate student. She got interested in cognitive psychology during her first two semesters and soon joined the lab as an intern. After getting a glimpse of scientific research, she got stuck in the lab as a research assistant and is now working towards a better understanding of visual long term memory.

Julia Kunz, Research Assistant


Julia is currently a bachelor student of psychology. After developing interest in cognitive psychology during the lecture she joined the lab, first during an internship and is now a research assistant as well. Especially the subject of scene semantics drew her attention and she is now happy to have the opportunity to delve into visual perception processes. For the future she hopes to gain further knowledge about how we perceive the world and how attention, emotions and distinctive features of scenes influence this process.

Jason Helbing, Research Assistant


Jason is currently an undergraduate psychology student. Lectures and seminars got him curious about cognition, and after his internship in the lab he is now a research assistant. He is especially interested in how immersive virtual environments can be used to study attentional and memory processes.


Caroline Seidel, Tutor


Caroline started as an intern at the SGL and gathered experience due to several seminars in cognitive psychology. Currently she is writing her Bachelorthesis about  the influence of sounds on visual search performance in real world scenes. In addition she is fascinated by different aspects of memory research. This year she is a tutor of the EXPRA in cognitive psychology.

Antonia Reinhart, Lab Manager


Before Antonia took over the job at the Scene Grammar Lab, she had completed a three-year job training as administrative assistant in public service at the Goethe university.

She knows the internal processes in academia and supports us with her administrative knowledge.


Sage Boettcher, PhD Student


Sage is a student in the Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Masters program at Goethe Universität. Previously she completed her Bachelors at University of Delaware where she  worked with Dr. James Hoffman and Dr. Steven Most in unraveling the neural correlates of Emotion Induced Blindness using EEG. Subsequently, she spent two years working full time in Dr. Jeremy Wolfe’s Visual Attention Lab at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School as a research assistant. During her time there she researched hybrid search, which is the combination of visual search and memory search. In the SGL she continued her work in understanding the properties of visual attention. Currently, she is a graduate student in the Brain & Cognition Lab, supervised by Kia Nobre.

Gioia Mai-Hoa Baldauf, The Loveliest Lab Member


Gioia is the newest member and favourite visitor of the Scene Grammar Lab. Having initially joined the lab, she is already pursuing science by attending symposia and a conference in Rome so far! We are looking forward hearing a lot more from her in the future!

Lab Alumni

Bettina Schultz, Dipl. Psych., Lab Manager

2014 - 2017


Bettina kept the lab running at high speed both functionally and socially! Besides the daily administrative work support she liked to feed the team: mentally with useful information and also physically with homemade bakery!

Maximilian Scheuplein, Research Assistant

2015 - 2017


Maximilian completed his bachelor's degree in Psychology at the Goethe-University in Frankfurt where he worked with Dejan Draschkow and Melissa Võ in unraveling the effect of visual search and scene grammar violation on memory performance using virtual reality. During his time in Frankfurt he worked as a research assistant in Professor Võ's Scene Grammar Lab.
Currently, Maximilian is a student in the MSc Cognitive Neuroscience programme at UCL. In the Blakemore Lab he hopes to gain more knowledge about identity development during childhood and adolescence. Under the supervision of Professor Sarah-Jayne Blakemore and Dr. Lucy Foulkes his research project will focus on perspective taking in relationship with the sense of self in adolescent development.

Daniela Gresch, Research Assistant

2015 - 2017


Daniela finished he Bachelor's degree in Psychology at the Goethe University Frankfurt in summer '17 and was a member of SGL from almost the very beginning. She started of as an intern and then stuck with the lab as a research assistant. During her time at the SGL she helped creating the SCEGRAM Database and was involved in several EEG and Eye Tracking projects which deepened her interest into research. Before she is going to start with her Master's, Daniela is doing various internships in different job areas concerning cognitive neuroscience.

Marvin Schröder, Research Assistant

2016 - 2017


While Marvin is studying for his Bachelor degree in psychology he is also interested in cognitive science, so he decided to join the SGL as an intern to learn more about the subject. Especially the work on object-levels in a scene caught his attention and made him stay in the lab as a research assistant.

Margit Kanter, Research Assistant



Margit is currently completing her Bachelor’s in psychology. After developing an interest in cognitive psychology in the lecture and further exploring it in an internship at SGL, she joined the lab as a research assistant. Right now she is on the search for an area of interest to specialize in and working towards gaining more knowledge and skills.