* equal contribution




Beitner, J., Helbing, J., David, E. J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2024). Using a flashlight-contingent window paradigm to investigate visual search and object memory in virtual reality and on computer screens. Scientific Reports, 14(1), 8596. pdf


David, E., Gutiérrez, J., Võ, M. L.-H., Coutrot, A., Perreira Da Silva, M., & Callet, P. (2024). The Salient360! toolbox: Handling gaze data in 3D made easy. Computers & Graphics, 119, 103890. pdf





Draschkow, D., Anderson, N. C., David, E., Gauge, N., Kingstone, A., Kumle, L., Laurent, X., Nobre, A. C., Shiels, S., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2023). Using XR (Extended Reality) for Behavioral, Clinical, and Learning Sciences Requires Updates in Infrastructure and Funding. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 10(2), 317-323. pdf


Krugliak, A., Draschkow, D., Võ, M. L.-H., & Clarke, A. (2023). Semantic object processing is modulated by prior scene context. Language, Cognition & Neuroscience, 1-10. pdf


Sasin, E., Markov, Y., & Fougnie, D. (2023). Meaningful objects avoid attribute amnesia due to incidental long-term memories. Scientific reports13, 14464.  pdf


Klever, L., Islam, J., Võ, M. L.-H., & Billino, J. (2023). Aging attenuates the memory advantage for unexpected objects in real-world scenes. Heliyon, 9(9), e20241 pdf


Kallmayer, A., Võ, M. L.-H., & Draschkow, D. (2023). Viewpoint dependence and scene context effects generalize to depth rotated three-dimensional objects. Journal of Vision, 23(10), 1-13.  pdf 


Wiesmann, S. L., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2023). Disentangling diagnostic object properties for human scene categorization. Scientific Reports13(1), 5912. pdf


Beitner, J., Helbing, J., Draschkow, D., David, E. J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2023). Flipping the world upside down: Using eye tracking in virtual reality to study visual search in inverted scenes. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 15(3), 5. pdf


Glocker, L., Breitenbach, S., Hansen, M., Mendzheritskaya, J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2023). Entwicklung und Einsatz von VR-Lernszenarien für den Lehrkompetenzaufbau. Klassenraumsimulationen mit Virtual Reality. In M. Meier, G. Greefrath, M. Hammann, R. Wodzinski & K. Ziepprecht (Eds.), Lehr-Lern-Labore und Digitalisierung (pp. 211–224). Springer. pdf


Gregorová, K., Turini, J., Gagl, B., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2023). Access to meaning from visual input: Object and word frequency effects in categorization behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 152(10), 2861–2881. pdf





Turini, J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2022). Hierarchical organization of objects in scenes is reflected in mental representations of objects. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 20068. pdf


Wiesmann, S. L., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2022). What makes a scene? Fast scene categorization as a function of global scene information at different resolutions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 48(8), 871–888.


Helbing, J., Draschkow*, D., & Võ*, M. L.-H. (2022). Auxiliary scene-context information provided by anchor objects guides attention and locomotion in natural search behavior. Psychological Science, 33(9), 14631476. pdf


Lauer, T., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2022). The Ingredients of Scenes that Affect Object Search and Perception. In B. Ionescu, W.A. Bainbridge & N. Murray (Eds.), Human Perception of Visual Information (pp. 1–32). Springer. pdf





Lauer, T., Schmidt, F., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2021). The role of contextual materials in object recognition. Scientific Reports, 11, 21988. pdf


David, E. J., Beitner, J. & Võ, M. L.-H. (2021). The importance of peripheral vision when searching 3D real-world scenes: A gaze-contingent study in virtual reality. Journal of Vision, 21(7), 3.


Wiesmann, Sandro L., Caplette, L., Willenbockel, V., Gosselin, F., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2021).

Flexible time course of spatial frequency use during scene categorization. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-13. pdf


Kumle, L., Vo, M. L.-H., & Draschkow, D. (2021). Estimating power in (generalized) linear mixed models: An open introduction and tutorial in R. Behavior Research Methods, 1-16. pdf


Võ, M. L.-H. (2021). The Meaning and Structure of Scenes. Vision Research, 181, 10-20. pdf


Beitner, J., Helbing, J., Draschkow, D., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2021). Get Your Guidance Going: Investigating the Activation of Spatial Priors for Efficient Search in Virtual Reality. Brain Sciences, 11(1), 44. pdf 




David, E., Beitner, J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2020). Effects of Transient Loss of Vision on Head and Eye Movements during Visual Search in a Virtual Environment. Brain Sciences, 10(11), 841. pdf


Maffongelli, L., Öhlschläger, S., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2020). The development of scene semantics: First ERP indications for the processing of semantic object-scene inconsistencies in 24-month-olds. Collabra: Psychology, 6(1), 17707, 1-8. pdf


Lauer, T., Willenbockel, V., Maffongelli, L., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2020). The influence of scene and object orientation on the scene consistency effect. Behavioural Brain Research, 394, 112812. pdf


Öhlschläger, S., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2020). Development of scene knowledge: Evidence from explicit and implicit scene knowledge measures. Journal of experimental child psychology, 194, 104782. pdf


Helbing*, J., Draschkow*, D., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2020). Search superiority: Goal-directed attentional allocation creates more reliable incidental identity and location memory than explicit encoding in naturalistic virtual environments. Cognition, 196, 104147. pdf




Wiegand, I., Seidel, C., & Wolfe, J., (2019). Hybrid foraging search in younger and older age. Psychology and Aging, 34(6), 805-820.


Võ, M. L.-H., Boettcher, S. E., & Draschkow, D. (2019). Reading scenes: How scene grammar guides attention and aids perception in real-world environments. Current Opinion in Psychology, 29, 205-210. pdf


Sassenhagen, J., & Draschkow, D. (2019). Clusterbased permutation tests of MEG/EEG data do not establish significance of effect latency or location. Psychophysiology, 56(6), e13335. pdf


Cornelissen, T., Sassenhagen, J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2019). Improving free-viewing fixation-related EEG potentials with continuous-time regression. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 313, 77-94. pdf




Boettcher, S. E. P., Draschkow, D., Dienhart, E., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2018). Anchoring visual search in scene: Assessing the role of anchor objects on eye movements during visual search. Journal of Vision, 18(13), 11. pdf


Lauer, T., Cornelissen, T. H. W., Draschkow, D., Willenbockel, V., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2018). The role of scene summary statistics in object recognition. Scientific Reports, 8(1)14666. pdf


Draschkow, D., Heikel, E., Fiebach, C., Võ, M. L.-H., & Sassenhagen, J. (2018). No evidence from MVPA for different processes underlying the N300 and N400 incongruity effects in object-scene processing. Neuropsychologia, 120, 9-17. pdf

Draschkow, D., Reinecke, S., Cunningham, C. A., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2019). The lower bounds of massive memory: Investigating memory for object details after incidental encoding. Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006), 72(5), 1176–1182. pdf




Draschkow, D., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2017). Scene grammar shapes the way we interact with objects, strenghtens memories, and speeds search. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 16471. pdf


Kok, E. M., Aizenman, A. M., Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2017). Even if I showed you where you looked, remembering where you just looked is hard. Journal of Vision, 17(12), 2.


Öhlschläger, S., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2017). SCEGRAM: An image database for semantic and syntactic inconsistencies in scenes. Behavior research methods, 49(5), 1780–1791. pdf




Võ, M. L.-H., Aizenman, A. M., & Wolfe, J. M. (2016). You think you know where you looked? You better look again. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance, 42(10), 1477–1481. pdf


Cornelissen, T. H. W., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2016). Stuck on semantics: Processing of irrelevant object-scene inconsistencies modulates ongoing gaze behavior. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 79(1), 154–168. pdf


Draschkow, D., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2016). Of “what” and “where” in a natural search task: Active object handling supports object location memory beyond the object’s identity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 78(6), 1574–1584. pdf


Josephs*, E. L., Draschkow*, D., Wolfe, J. M., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2016). Gist in time: Scene semantics and structure enhance recall of searched objects. Acta psychologica, 169, 100–108. pdf




Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). The role of memory for visual search in scenes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339(1), 72–81.


Jacobs, A. M., Võ, M. L.-H., Briesemeister, B. B., Conrad, M., Hofmann, M. J., Kuchinke, L., Lüdtke, J., & Braun, M. (2015). 10 years of BAWLing into affective and aesthetic processes in reading: What are the echoes? Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 714. pdf




Draschkow, D., Wolfe, J. M., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2014). Seek and you shall remember: Scene semantics interact with visual search to build better memories. Journal of Vision, 14(8), Article 10. pdf




Võ, M. L.-H. , & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Differential electrophysiological signatures of semantic and syntactic scene processing. Psychological science, 24(9), 1816–1823.


Drew, T., Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The invisible gorilla strikes again: sustained inattentional blindness in expert observers. Psychological science, 24(9), 1848–1853.


Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The interplay of episodic and semantic memory in guiding repeated search in scenes. Cognition, 126(2), 198–212.


Drew, T., Võ, M. L.-H., Olwal, A., Jacobson, F., Seltzer, S. E., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Scanners and drillers: characterizing expert visual search through volumetric images. Journal of vision, 13(10), 3.


Drew, T., Evans, K., Võ, M. L.-H., Jacobson, F. L., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Informatics in radiology: what can you see in a single glance and how might this guide visual search in medical images?. Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc, 33(1), 263–274.




Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2012). When does repeated search in scenes involve memory? Looking at versus looking for objects in scenes. Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance, 38(1), 23–41.


Võ, M. L.-H., Smith, T. J., Mital, P. K., & Henderson, J. M. (2012). Do the eyes really have it? Dynamic allocation of attention when viewing moving faces. Journal of Vision, 12(13), 3.




Wolfe, J. M., Võ, M. L.-H., Evans, K. K., & Greene, M. R. (2011). Visual search in scenes involves selective and nonselective pathways. Trends in cognitive sciences, 15(2), 77–84.


Võ, M. L.-H., & Henderson, J. M. (2011). Object–scene inconsistencies do not capture gaze: Evidence from the flash-preview moving-window paradigm. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73(6), 1742–1753.


Conrad, M., Võ, M. L.-H., Schneider, D., & Jacobs, A. (2011). Syllable structure is modulating the optimal viewing position in visual word recognition. Seminars in Hematology, 31, 14-21.




Võ, M. L.-H., & Henderson, J. M. (2010). The time course of initial scene processing for eye movement guidance in natural scene search. Journal of Vision, 10(3), Article 14.


Võ, M. L.-H., & Schneider, W. X. (2010). A glimpse is not a glimpse: Differential processing of flashed scene previews leads to differential target search benefits. Visual Cognition, 18(2), 171–200.


Võ, M. L.-H., Zwickel, J., & Schneider, W. X. (2010). Has someone moved my plate? The immediate and persistent effects of object location changes on gaze allocation during natural scene viewing. Attention, perception & psychophysics, 72(5), 1251–1255.


Brockmole, J. R., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2010). Semantic memory for contextual regularities within and across scene categories: evidence from eye movements. Attention, perception & psychophysics, 72(7), 1803–1813.


Zwickel, J., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2010). How the presence of persons biases eye movements. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17(2), 257–262.




Võ, M. L.-H., & Henderson, J. M. (2009). Does gravity matter? Effects of semantic and syntactic inconsistencies on the allocation of attention during scene perception. Journal of Vision, 9(3), 24.


Võ, M. L.-H., Conrad, M., Kuchinke, L., Urton, K., Hofmann, M. J., & Jacobs, A. M. (2009). The Berlin Affective Word List Reloaded (BAWL-R). Behavior research methods, 41(2), 534–538.


Hofmann, M. J., Kuchinke, L., Tamm, S., Võ, M. L.-H., & Jacobs, A. M. (2009). Affective processing within 1/10th of a second: High arousal is necessary for early facilitative processing of negative but not positive words. Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience, 9(4), 389–397.




Võ, M. L.-H., Schneider, W. X., & Matthias, E. (2008). Transsaccadic scene memory revisited: A 'Theory of Visual Attention (TVA)' based approach to recognition memory and confidence for objects in naturalistic scenes. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 2(2).


Võ, M. L.-H., Jacobs, A. M., Kuchinke, L., Hofmann, M., Conrad, M., Schacht, A., & Hutzler, F. (2008). The coupling of emotion and cognition in the eye: introducing the pupil old/new effect. Psychophysiology, 45(1), 130–140.




Hutzler, F., Braun, M., Võ, M. L.-H., Engl, V., Hofmann, M., Dambacher, M., Leder, H., & Jacobs, A. M. (2007). Welcome to the real world: validating fixation-related brain potentials for ecologically valid settings. Brain research, 1172, 124–129.


Kuchinke, L., Võ, M. L.-H., Hofmann, M., & Jacobs, A. M. (2007). Pupillary responses during lexical decisions vary with word frequency but not emotional valence. International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 65(2), 132–140.




Võ, M. L.-H., Jacobs, A. M., & Conrad, M. (2006). Cross-validating the Berlin Affective Word List. Behavior Research Methods, 38(4), 606–609.


Engl, V., Hutzler, F., Jacobs, A., Võ, M. L.-H., & Braun, M. (2006). Orthografie oder Orthographie? Zeitschrift für Psychologie - Journal of Psychology, 214, 59-72.


Kuchinke, L., Jacobs, A. M., Võ, M. L.-H., Conrad, M., Grubich, C., & Herrmann, M. (2006). Modulation of prefrontal cortex activation by emotional words in recognition memory. Neuroreport, 17(10), 1037–1041.




Kuchinke, L., Jacobs, A. M., Grubich, C., Võ, M. L.-H., Conrad, M., & Herrmann, M. (2005). Incidental effects of emotional valence in single word processing: an fMRI study. NeuroImage, 28(4), 1022–1032.